COVID-19 is the name of the disease caused by the new coronavirus that is called SARS-CoV-2, or sometimes just “novel coronavirus.”
How worried should healthy people be about becoming infected with COVID-19?
Most healthy people who become infected with COVID-19 have no symptoms or have mild symptoms. However, there have been healthy people who have progressed to severe disease. People who have an underlying illness and who are older are at higher risk of having a severe case COVID.
- Everyone in your home should practice preventive actions.
- Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
- Stay home as much as possible.
- Cover your coughs and sneezes with a tissue and throw the tissue in the trash.
- Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing, using the bathroom; and before eating or preparing food. If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol or just plain alcohol.
- Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces daily.
How do I handle it if someone in my house has COVID-19?
- If possible, that family member should use a separate sleeping room and bathroom.
- Provide your sick household member with clean disposable facemasks to wear at home, if available, to help prevent spreading COVID-19 to others.
- Clean the sick room and bathroom, as needed, to avoid unnecessary contact with the affected person.
- Avoid sharing personal items like utensils, food, and drinks.
Mix one-half cup of household bleach with one gallon of water for cleaning. Open a window to ventilate are being bleached if possible. Never mix household bleach with ammonia or any other cleanser.
Why is it called a “coronavirus?”
Corona means “crown,” and coronaviruses have a “crown” of protruding points on their surface that give them a characteristic appearance when seen under a microscope. Coronaviruses are a whole family of viruses; there are many.*
Do patients have to pay to get tested?
No. In March 2020, the U.S. Congress passed, and the President signed into law the Families First Coronavirus Response Act, which requires governmental and private insurance plans to cover the cost of COVID-19 testing. The law does not cover out-of-network charges — charges for visits for possible coronavirus infection that do not result
in testing, or the cost of COVID-19 treatment.
Can coronavirus live in the heat? Will the outbreak stop when it gets warm outside? Investigations are exploring the effects of temperature and weather on the spread of this new coronavirus, but do not know definitively at this time.
What’s the difference between the new coronavirus and other coronaviruses?
There are many different kinds of coronavirus. Some only affect animals. Some have been circulating among human beings for years, causing mild colds. Others have caused small, severe human disease outbreaks in the past, such as the coronaviruses that caused SARS in 2003 and MERS in 2012. The new coronavirus is different from these and
was only identified in December 2019.